Urinary tract infections (UTI)

UTI is inflammation of the organs in the urinary tract i.e bladder, kidneys uretus and the urethra. Its caused caused by a gastrointestinal bacteria called Escherichia coli. Its mostly common in women.

Causes of urinary tract infections

*Poor personal hygiene

*inadequate water intake

*pregnancy-pregnancy hormones change the normal pH of the urinary tract hence predisposing the woman to infections

*urinary tract procedures e.g catheterization may cause UTI

*use of strong iv antibiotics may interfere with the urinary system bacteria’s leading to infections

*low immunity


Signs and symptoms of UTI

  • Pain during urination or burning sensation (dysuria)
  • Frequent need to pass urine
  • Blood in urine (hematuria)
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Fevers
  • Foul smelling urine
  • Abnormal colour of urine-cloudy bloody
  • Feeling tired or shaky

Urinary tract infections are confirmed in hospital by during a urinalysis test..you will be asked to give a urine sample for analysis in the laboratory

Treatment for UTI

After confirmation that you have UTI your doctor will put you on antibiotics to treat the infection. You may be given other drugs eg painkillers for the lower abdominal pain and paracetamol for fevers if any.

How to prevent UTI

*maintain personal hygiene..ladies should wipe themselves from front to back after using the toilet and not vise vasa

*drink a lot of water

*doctors/nurses should maintain high standards of cleanliness during urinary system procedures

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